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Summer is here and we need to keep our bodies hydrated. If you do not drink enough fluids, you will become dehydrated and this will have a direct effect even upon your oral health (bad breath syndrome for example).

On the other hand, you need to drink a lot but you need to drink only the healthy stuff. It doesn’t mean that in order to keep your body hydrated you will drink 2 liters of coke which is filled with sugar, caffeine and many other synthetic agents which are harmful for the health in general and for the teeth in particular. The enamel of your teeth can get destroyed only during one summer of drinking the wrong fluids.

Some health friendly drinks that you should get used to include pure ice water, mineral water with a slice of lime for the flavor, iced tea, while beer lovers can drink now and then a nonalcoholic beer.

It is very important to keep in mind that the best summer drinks and the best health friendly drinks are those which will contribute with the greatest amount of water to your organism.

Water is the one hydrating your body from the inside, while all the other ingredients such as sugar or caffeine will only do a lot of harm. Sugar adds unwanted calories to your diet, while caffeine is a diuretic, which means that you will eliminate more urine than necessary, and your system cannot hydrate properly.

Here are a few of the best tips to keep yourself hydrated while still drinking “delicious” drinks:

Pure Cold water – this will refresh your system, keep you hydrated during those torrid days. Whenever you are thirsty, make sure to begin with water. Those who cannot drink water from the tap, should purchase a good filtering system for the water.

Flavored Water – there are many types of bottled water available, which are fused with a special essence or flavor. The water does not contain any sugar or any colorants; it just has a fine and subtle aroma of strawberry, lime, lemon, berry or orange. Some of the best brands to chose from include Perrier (lemon), Geyser water, Crystal or Calistoga for instance.

Black Tea & Green Tea – again an extremely healthy solution, but you must stay away from the sweetener. Just try to drink the iced tea without any sugar, and in a few days, you will get used to it. Adding a lot of sugar to the iced tea will not do any good to your health.

For Coffee lovers there is always the iced coffee available – if you can, choose the decaffeinated version, because it is much healthier. Also, make sure to add only low-fat milk or cream to your iced coffee, and then you can sip one or two such coffees during the day.

Natural juice + water – Have you got a god juice extractor at home? Then, it is time to throw some apples, oranges, carrots and a slice of lemon and make some juice. You should mix half water and half juice and drink this healthy and nourishing drink to stay hydrated during the day. Make sure to add no sugar!

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Different substances contained in juices help the body fight with diseases of the brain.

In particular, Alzheimer’s disease – a progressive brain disease whose symptoms include reduced intelligence, memory loss, disorientation.

“Natural antioxidants reduce the vulnerability of cells to disease and aging – said Alan Crozier, professor of plant biochemistry and nutrition at Glasgow University (UK). – In addition, they improve health and protect against chronic diseases.”

The richest in antioxidants is dark grape juice.

For its medicinal properties the researchers liken it to red wine.

Unclarified apple juice is on the second place, and on the third – cranberry juice.

Doctors also advise to drink grapefruit juice regularly.

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A cup of fresh cocoa helps to improve brain function among older people, as some of recent studies claim.

In a rapidly changing and aging world more and more people suffer from age-related decline of intelligence or dementia.

Scientists are looking for more new methods to combat it, because this illness dramatically reduces the quality of life of the patient and often leads to the necessity of reconsidering the ways of living of all family members.

Flavonoids and antioxidants that are found in cocoa beans may be good sources of medicine in this situation.

Ian MacDonald, the scientist from Nottingham, United Kingdom, describes an experiment in which young women were drinking a cup of cocoa before performing complex tasks and performed them under control of a magnetic resonance imaging procedure.

The device showed a significant acceleration of cerebral blood flow in the group.

The next step was to study the impact of cocoa on the brains of people who have initially reduced cerebral blood flow.

According to the researchers, the benefits that cocoa brings were discovered during the investigation of health of the tribes of South America who drink this beverage in very large quantities.

However, the problem lies in the fact that cocoa powder which is delivered to the shops is poor with flavonoids. They are artificially extracted from raw materials, as flavonoids give this drink a bitter taste.

The researchers also fear that patients will “look” the same substance in chocolate that will lead to problems with obesity. Chocolate is food for pleasure and it will never improve health as opposed to cocoa in anticipation of bright future, scientists say.

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According to Peter Piper, professor from Sheffield University, carbonated drinks contain a substance which harmful effects are still being underestimated.

Many of the problems that are associated with age-related changes or alcohol abuse, such as cirrhosis of the liver and Parkinson’s disease can be caused by usual soft drinks.

After spending a huge amount of time on experiments in his laboratory, Professor of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, P. Piper came to the conclusion that sodium benzoate (E211), a widespread preservative in food industry being accepted by relevant authorities in different countries, can be very dangerous for your health.

Sodium benzoate has already been the subject of concern, but at that time it dealt with its carcinogenic effect.

The fact is that in conjunction with vitamin C in soft drinks, sodium benzoate produces benzene – a carcinogenic substance. There are even cases of withdrawing of some brands of drinks from the sale due to increased benzene content.

However, in general E211 is considered a safe additive, of course, with respect to current regulations at its maximum content in products.

Peter Piper has checked the effect of sodium benzoate on living yeast cells and found that this agent affects an important area of DNA in the mitochondria. He reported that these chemicals cause severe damage to DNA in the mitochondria and completely inactivate it.

Mitochondria give you energy and if you hurt them in large quantities, the cells start to malfunction. There are many diseases that are associated specifically with defect of this part of DNA: Parkinson’s disease and several neurodegenerative diseases; and yet it is associated with aging.

As a result of his experiments, the scientist proposes to revise standards of levels of E211 in food.

He believes that the existing methods for determining the damage from sodium benzoate are not quite true. Piper is particularly concerned of children who consume carbonated drinks in large quantities.

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Energy drinks, many of which contain too much caffeine, may be harmful to children, according to a new study published on Monday.

The finding was based on a review of the literature on energy drinks, researchers at the University of Miami said in the study appearing in the journal Pediatrics.

Many of the energy drinks reviewed contain three times the caffeine of a cola and some of which have five times more, said the study.

The study showed that caffeine in the drinks can exacerbate cardiac conditions, especially in children with eating disorders, and interfere with calcium absorption and bone mineralization in young adolescents.

Energy drinks produce extra calories which can contribute to diabetes, high body mass index and dental problems, according to the study.

Also, energy drinks contain additional ingredients which may boost caffeine levels, said the study.

The study also found that many children and young adults in the United States have tried energy drinks, and some consume them heavily.

A survey of college students reported that 51 percent regularly consumed one or more of the drinks per month, and a majority of those students drank them several times a week.

Insufficient sleep and a desire for more energy were cited as reasons for such consumption, said the study.

The drinks are unregulated in the United States, and the number of overdoses of caffeine from drinking them remains unknown, the study said.

But in Germany, Ireland and New Zealand, officials have reported cases of liver damage, kidney failure, seizures, confusion and arrhythmias associated with energy drink use, according to the study.

One of the most popular beverages worldwide is coffee. It comes from the berries of the coffea bush, which have been processed, dried, roasted, ground, and brewed. In its powder form, it may be prepared and presented in many ways. Its strong rich smell is hard enough to resist, and whether it is served hot or cold, it always arouses a stimulating effect on the drinker, due mainly to its caffeine content. Some of the more popular coffee preparations are the following:

Café latte is an Italian preparation for coffee and milk; it is prepared on a one to one ratio and uses strong bold coffee with scalded milk. Café mocha is hot coffee and hot cocoa with whipped cream and a little grated chocolate. Capuccino, on the other hand, is one-third espresso, one-third hot milk, and one-third steamed milk foam. Traditionally served on a porcelain cup, the heat retention qualities of the cup as well as the foam help to keep the coffee stay hotter longer.

The Cortado Condensada is espresso (concentrated coffee) with a small amount of warm condensed milk, usually served in a special glass with a metal ring base and a metal ring handle and drunk in the afternoon, while the Leche y Leche is espresso with condensed milk and cream topping. Espresso con Panna is espresso topped with whipped cream. Café Bombon is espresso with sweetened condensed milk that has been allowed to sink to the bottom thereby creating two bands of contrasting colors. The Macchiato is espresso with a dash of foamed milk and a sprinkling of cocoa on top.

Café Americano refers to the simple preparation of hot water added to espresso. Long Black, on the other hand, is espresso added to hot water. Red Eye is drip coffee with one shot of espresso while Black Eye is drip coffee with two shots of espresso. Guillermo, on the other hand, is one or two shots of espresso with slices of lime.

Carajillo is espresso with a shot of brandy while liqueur coffee is a coffee brew with a shot of liqueur served in demi-tasse cups. Café Flambe is sugar that has been set on fire with cognac and poured into strong coffee. Café Royal is strong coffee that has been sweetened to taste and served with a measure of brandy.

Frapuccino is a blend of ice beverage and a bottled coffee beverage while frappe is foam-covered iced coffee drink. Con Hielo is espresso with sugar and ice cubes while Iced Coffee is chilled espresso with milk and ice cream.

Flat White refers to the preparation of two-thirds creamy steamed milk poured over one-third espresso with little or no foam at all. Instant Coffee is brewed coffee that has been dried out or dehydrated into powder form. Viennese coffee is strong hot coffee with whipped double cream that is just beginning to thicken while Café Brulot is strong black coffee that has been poured with heated sugar, orange rind, lemon bits, cinnamon sticks, and cloves, and served in demi-tasse cups.

When topping coffee with whipped cream, be careful to slide the cream gently on so that the cream stays on top. Canapés and other small savouries like bread and cake may be served together with the coffee so that it may be thoroughly enjoyed.

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It’s a very interesting to know about the most popular non-alcoholic drinks in the world. Where are they from, what are their compositions and some special features about them.

1. TEA

Tea is a drink made by infusing leaves of the tea plant in hot water. The name ‘tea’ is also used to refer to the leaves themselves; and it is also the name of a mid- to late-afternoon meal in the British Isles and associated countries, at which tea (the drink) is served along with various foods.

Tea has been an item of trade and tribute for at least three thousand years. It was first cultivated and brewed in China, and many of the best varieties still come from China. Some of the finest oolongs in the world are grown in Taiwan. Japan also produces a considerable amount of green tea, most of which is consumed domestically.

After the British took up tea drinking, they began cultivating the plants native to India in order to have more control over the trade. India, Sri Lanka, and other South Asian countries produce a large portion of the world harvest.

Standage says tea played a leading role in the expansion of imperial and industrial might in Great Britain many centuries later. During the 19th century, the East India Company enjoyed a monopoly on tea exports from China.

As the Industrial Revolution of 18th and 19th centuries gained steam, tea provided some of the fuel. Factory workers stayed alert during long, monotonous shifts thanks to welcome tea breaks.

The beverage also had unintended health benefits for rapidly growing urban areas.

2. WATER

Water (H2O) is often perceived to be ordinary as it is transparent, odorless, tasteless and ubiquitous. It is the simplest compound of the two most common reactive elements, consisting of just two hydrogen atoms attached to a single oxygen atom. Indeed, very few molecules are smaller or lighter.

From a biological standpoint, water has many distinct properties that are critical for the proliferation of life that set it apart from other substances. It carries out this role by allowing organic compounds to react in ways that ultimately allow replication. All known forms of life depend on water. Without water, your body would stop working properly. Water makes up more than half of your body weight and a person can’t survive for more than a few days without it. Why? Your body has lots of important jobs and it needs water to do many of them. For instance, your blood, which contains a lot of water, carries oxygen to all the cells of your body. Without oxygen, those tiny cells would die and your body would stop working. In addition to being an important part of the fluids in your body, each cell depends on water to function normally.

3. COFFEE

Coffee is a well-known beverage prepared from coffee beans, of the coffee plant.

The story of how coffee growing and drinking spread around the world is one of the greatest and most romantic in history and starts in the Arabian Peninsula, where roasted beans were first brewed around A.D. 1000. Sometime around the 15th century coffee spread throughout the Arab world.

When coffee arrived in Europe it was similarly hailed as an “anti-alcohol” that was quite welcome during the Age of Reason in the 18th century.

Coffee raises capacity for work, gives strengths and energy and topes up. But there is a negative coffee’s influence in the human’s health because of its caffeine.

Coffee also fuelled commerce and had strong links to the rituals of business that remain to the present day.

4. KVASS

Kvass is a very refreshing Russian beverage which is made in many Russian households about once a week. Kvass is a lacto-fermented beverage made from stale rye bread. It tastes like beer but is not alcoholic. Kvass is considered a tonic for digestion and excellent thirst. It is also recognized that kvass is safer to drink than water.

Kvass protects against infectious disease, there is no worry about sharing the glass. In wealthy households, various kinds of kvass were made either with rye bread or with currants, raspberries, lemons, apples, pears, cherries, bilberries and lingonberries.

Real bread kvass using natural ingredients in its production technology – dried rye bread, sugar and water. As a result of the fermentation process, a thirst-quenching drink is obtained, with a distinct bread aroma and a strong rye bread taste. Unifying modern production technology with ancient fermenting methods, a flavor composition is obtained reflecting a product of a completely new quality, which pleasantly quenches thirst. Recommended to be used chilled!

The alcohol content is so low (0.05-1.44%) that it is considered acceptable for consumption by children. It is often flavoured with fruits or herbs such as strawberries or mint.

5. JUICE

Juice is a liquid naturally contained in fruit or vegetable tissue. Juice is prepared by mechanically squeezing or macerating fresh fruits or vegetables without the application of heat or solvents. For example, orange juice is the liquid extract of the fruit of the orange tree. Juice may be prepared in the home from fresh fruits and vegetables using variety of hand or electric juicers.

Popular juices include but are not limited to apple, orange, prune, lemon, grapefruit, pineapple, tomato, carrot, grape, strawberry, cherry, cranberry, celery and pomegranate. It has become increasingly popular to combine a variety of fruits into single juice drinks.

Juices are often consumed for their health benefits. For example, orange juice is rich in vitamin C, while prune juice is associated with a digestive health benefit. Cranberry juice has long been known to help prevent or even treat bladder infections, and it is now known that a substance in cranberries prevents bacteria from binding to the bladder.

6. LEMONADE

Lemonade is a worldwide non-alcoholic drink. Summer is the best time of drinking it especially with the mint. Iced lemonade always will slake and will raise your mood.

It’s a drink made of lemon juice (fresh better), water and sugar or honey. Lemonade much better and healthy than any soft drink. To prepare lemonade is so easy as preparing tea or coffee.

In the US, a drink made of lemon juice, sugar and water in the UK, a carbonated drink that doesn’t necessarily contain anything closer to a lemon than a bit of citric acid.

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