The occasion was a tour of a facility that burns human waste and produces water and electricity (plus a little ash). I have visited lots of similar sites, like power plants and paper mills, so when I heard about this one—it’s part of the Gates Foundation’s effort to improve sanitation in poor countries—I was eager to check it out.
The water tasted as good as any I’ve had out of a bottle. And having studied the engineering behind it, I would happily drink it every day. It’s that safe.
Here’s a short video from my visit in November, which explains how it all works:
Why would anyone want to turn waste into drinking water and electricity?
Because a shocking number of people, at least 2 billion, use latrines that aren’t properly drained. Others simply defecate out in the open. The waste contaminates drinking water for millions of people, with horrific consequences: Diseases caused by poor sanitation kill some 700,000 children every year, and they prevent many more from fully developing mentally and physically.
If we can develop safe, affordable ways to get rid of human waste, we can prevent many of those deaths and help more children grow up healthy.
Western toilets aren’t the answer, because they require a massive infrastructure of sewer lines and treatment plants that just isn’t feasible in many poor countries. So a few years ago our foundation put out a call for new solution.
One idea is to reinvent the toilet, which I’ve written about before.
Another idea—and the goal of the project I toured—is to reinvent the sewage treatment plant. The project is called the Omniprocessor, and it was designed and built by Janicki Bioenergy, an engineering firm based north of Seattle. I recently went to Janicki’s headquarters to check out an Omniprocessor before the start of a pilot project in Senegal.
The Omniprocessor is a safe repository for human waste. Today, in many places without modern sewage systems, truckers take the waste from latrines and dump it into the nearest river or the ocean—or at a treatment facility that doesn’t actually treat the sewage. Either way, it often ends up in the water supply. If they took it to the Omniprocessor instead, it would be burned safely. The machine runs at such a high temperature (1000 degrees Celsius) that there’s no nasty smell; in fact it meets all the emissions standards set by the U.S. government.
Before we even started the tour, I had a question: Don’t modern sewage plants already incinerate waste? I learned that some just turn the waste into solids that are stored in the desert. Others burn it using diesel or some other fuel that they buy. That means they use a lot of energy, which makes them impractical in most poor countries.
The Omniprocessor solves that problem. Through the ingenious use of a steam engine, it produces more than enough energy to burn the next batch of waste. In other words, it powers itself, with electricity to spare. The next-generation processor, more advanced than the one I saw, will handle waste from 100,000 people, producing up to 86,000 liters of potable water a day and a net 250 kw of electricity.
If we get it right, it will be a good example of how philanthropy can provide seed money that draws bright people to work on big problems, eventually creating a self-supporting industry. Our foundation is funding Janicki to do the development. It’s really amazing to see how they’ve embraced the work; founder Peter Janicki and his family have traveled to Africa and India multiple times so they can see the scope of the problem. Our goal is to make the processors cheap enough that entrepreneurs in low- and middle-income countries will want to invest in them and then start profitable waste-treatment businesses.
We still have a lot to learn before we get to that point. The next step is the pilot project; later this year, Janicki will set up an Omniprocessor in Dakar, Senegal, where they’ll study everything from how you connect with the local community (the team is already working with leaders there) to how you pick the most convenient location. They will also test one of the coolest things I saw on my tour: a system of sensors and webcams that will let Janicki’s engineers control the processor remotely and communicate with the team in Dakar so they can diagnose any problems that come up.
The history of philanthropy is littered with well-intentioned inventions that never deliver on their promise. Hopefully, these early steps will help us make sure the Omniprocessor doesn’t join the list. If things go well in Senegal, we’ll start looking for partners in the developing world. For example I think it could be a great fit in India, where there are lots of entrepreneurs who could own and operate the processors, as well as companies with the skill to manufacture many of the parts.
It might be many years before the processor is being used widely. But I was really impressed with Janicki’s engineering. And I’m excited about the business model. The processor wouldn’t just keep human waste out of the drinking water; it would turn waste into a commodity with real value in the marketplace. It’s the ultimate example of that old expression: one man’s trash is another man’s treasure.
Frozen drinks are very popular especially during the summer when it could get really hot. So if you are planning to put up your own frozen drinks business, the best time to prepare yourself and your company is winter, but best time to sell frozen drinks is summer, because people are more likely to buy your products to cool them and relieve them from hot feeling.
You can opt to get a franchise from well-known frozen drink companies or you could start your own by getting some help with companies that offer lower fees for the frozen drinks machine rental. The second option will usually cost less than the first and these companies offer different kinds of business packages that will suit your needs and budget.
You could search online to see companies offering frozen drinks business packages and compare their prices and the inclusions of these prices. This way, you will be able to get the best deal for your business. They also offer financing options so you will not have to worry about the payment terms.
Most frozen drinks business packages comes with all the things you will need to start your frozen drink business. You will get frozen drink makers and other things you will need. You will also get the accessories and assistance your business will need. Choose a company that will offer to give you full assistance because it can be helpful if you will encounter unexpected problems regarding your frozen drink business.
You can set up you frozen drink machines on the beach where lots of people usually hang out during summer. It would be better if you will offer a wide variety of flavors so customers could have many different choices. You can have fruity flavors that are refreshing, delicious, and healthy at the same time for the figure-conscious men and women. For kids, you could offer vanilla, mocha, or chocolate flavors.
To attract more potential customers, you should make your products more attractive by presenting them in a nice way. Use glasses that will catch customers’ attention like a frosted glass or one that is uniquely shaped. Some also use colored glasses in vibrant hues to complement the color of the frozen drink.
Make it look more refreshing by adding some ice cubes. Customers will definitely like seeing ice on their drinks during the summer season. Just make sure that you don’t put too much ice cubes on the glass as it can melt and mix with the drink and will affect the flavor and taste of the drink.
Summer drinks will not be complete without lemon slices either placed on the rim of the glass or inside the glass with the frozen drink. This will give the frozen drink a fresher look. And don’t forget the traditional umbrella that goes perfectly with the frozen drink and lemon slice.
You’ll be surprised to know how much profit frozen drink mixes could bring you. The amount of money you have invested for the frozen drink machine rental will return to you after just a short period of time. So go ahead with your plan and make the most out of the summer by putting up your own frozen drinks business.
Sometimes we want something to chew. Not too caloric and not too sweet. Jelly beans candies are most suitable for this purpose.
Jelly beans are a different flavored type of confectionery. Generally they have fruit taste and are made of sugar.
They are small like groundnut. You can easy eat them at work or while moving. Nowadays jelly beans candy producers make also sugar free candies.
What one can drink with confectionery, particularly with jelly beans?
Kids love candy with juice. But don’t drink it with moderation with candies, if candies contain sugar and juice is acidic it can be not so good for your teeth.
You probably already know about mints and cola? Therefore be very careful mixing it with different candies. But I think there won’t be any problems with jelly beans. By the way, jelly beans may serve as an alternative to a cola beverage containing 50 gm of glucose, researches say.
Tea is good with any candies. Better to drink not so hot tea, it can be both black tea or fruit tea.
You can try to drink coffee or cappuccino with jelly beans.
Best water quality is that it can wash down absolutely everything, and even more.
Also Tomato gives you as much as 10% of daily dose of Vitamin A, 13% of Vitamin C, 1% of Iron and 1% Calcium.
And it’s the most wonderful – you can easily prepare different kinds of Tomato Juice at home.
Nothing tastes better then homemade Tomato Juice.
It is a wonderful alternative to store bought juice, and you’ll be surprised at how great it tastes! Low-Fat Tomato Juice fights negative effects of increased fat intake, otherwise rapidly absorbed by the body.
5 Recepies of Low-Fat Tomato Juices:
1. The Gardener
1 cup tomato juice
1 teaspoon celery juice
Combine all ingredients; stir well.
2 1/2 cups tomato juice
1 teaspoon grated onion
1/2 teaspoon salt
1 1/2 teaspoon sugar
1/2 teaspoon seasoned salt
1/2 teaspoon Worcestershire sauce
Combine all ingredients; stir well. Chill for several hours; serve in juice glasses.
3. Easy Tomato Juice cocktail
18 lbs. ripe tomatoes (7 qts. juice)
1/4 c. chopped onion
2 c. chopped celery
1 c. chopped carrots
1/2 c. sugar
4 tbsp. picking salt
1 tbsp. celery seeds
3 cups fresh tomato juice
1 cup fresh carrot juice
1 cup fresh red beet juice
Combine all ingredients; stir well. Serve in juice-jug with ice.
1 liters fresh tomato juice
1 1/2 teaspoon sugar
1/2 teaspoon seasoned salt
Combine all ingredients; stir well. Serve in juice-jug with ice and olives.
The best way to get the most flavor out of your tomatoes is to juice them by themselves. However, there are a lot of options if you would like to flavor your tomato juice. You can add spices, some pure vanilla extract or some stevia to your tomato juice to suit your tastes.
Non-Alcoholic Mixed Drinks are often served to children, designated drivers and anyone else who wishes to enjoy a refreshing, (usually) fruity, drink without alcohol.
Virgin cocktails are usually made in a similar manner as the traditional cocktails, adjusting the proportions of other ingredients as necessary to fill the same volume, while retaining the overall taste and feel of the drink.
1. Amaretto Stone Sweet Mixed Drink Recipe
2 1/2 oz Blanks® Amaretto (One of a range of non-alcoholic and lower-calorie liqueurs produced by Blanks.)
2 oz Cherry Syrup
4 oz Orange Juice
Orange juice is one of the most important ingredients (and the most important fruit juice) to have when making cocktails. To get the most juice out of a fresh orange, bring it to room temperature and roll it under your palm against a hard surface before squeezing. Another method is to microwave them on high power for 30 seconds, let stand a couple of minutes before cutting and squeezing them.
4 oz 7-Up® Soda Ice
Blend with ice.
2. Avocado Milkshake Mixed Drink Recipe
1 liter Milk
2 – 3 Halved and Peeled Avocados
1/2 cup Sugar
Blend on medium for 3 to 5 minutes. (Use sugar, peeled avocado, condensed milk, and evaporated milk, and ice… works. delicious).
3. Banana Grape Smoothie Mixed Drink Recipe
2 Large Bananas
2 Handfuls Red, Seedless Grapes
1 cup Ice
Ice is essential for all types of mixed drinks, and it should always be clean and clear. Usually you would add ice to a glass before pouring any ingredients into it. This cools the liquids and prevents splashes.
1/4 cup Milk
Place the bananas and grapes into a blender and mix until it is a “smooth” liquid. Add the ice and blend until crushed. Add milk, mix until smooth and pour into a hurricane glass. Serve.
4. Black Cow Mixed Drink Recipe
2 scoops Vanilla Ice Cream
10 oz Root Beer (A non-alcoholic, carbonated drink, sweetened and flavored with a combination of artificial and natural flavorings).
1 tbsp Chocolate Syrup (A sweet combination of unsweetened cocoa powder, corn syrup and sugar, amongst other flavorings).
1 1/2 oz Whipped Cream (A type of cream containing sugar and emulsifiers. Whipped cream expands on release from pressurized cans).
Maraschino Cherries (A sugar syrup coated cherry, dyed red and flavored with almond).
Pour root beer over ice cream and chocolate syrup in a large tumbler glass. Garnish with whipped cream and a maraschino cherry. Serve with a straw and a long spoon.
5. Cherry Spritzer Mixed Drink Recipe
2 oz 100% Cherry Juice
4 oz Mineral Water
Mineral water is water is considered spring water with a larger amount of dissolved mineral salts, that is, at least 250 parts per million of dissolved salts.There is no unpleasant taste in mineral water, and a neutral odor. Although, despite claims to the contrary, there is no proof that mineral water is any better for your health than tap water.
Pour the cherry juice into the old-fashioned glass filled previously with 3 to 5 ice cubes and add the mineral water. Stir before you serve. You can mix the juice and the mineral water in the fifty-fifty percent relation too, but it is faster energy-delivering and even healthier this way.
Hot chocolate is a welcome treat on a cold fall or winter day. It’s a classic delicacy loved by adults and children alike. There are many unique flavors and varieties of instant hot chocolate available in stores, but they can be quite expensive. You can make your own delicious hot cocoa for a fraction of what stores charge. Besides being less expensive, homemade hot cocoa is often richer and tastier than hot cocoa available in stores.
White chocolate has a rich, creamy flavor that is quite different from regular brown chocolate. The following recipe makes six delicious cups of creamy white hot chocolate. This unique drink will surprise and impress chocolate connoisseurs as well as those who prefer white chocolate to brown chocolate.
Making a Cup of Hot Chocolate
Most people don’t know how to make hot chocolate from cocoa properly. While if you are making hot chocolate from hot chocolate powder, you can just slop it into a mug with some milk and microwave it, this approach will not work for cocoa, or for cold chocolate.
Those of us accustomed to eating chocolate may be surprised to learn that chocolate was originally enjoyed as a drink. Although most of us today make our chocolate from a powdered mix, making the real thing is as simple as melting some chocolate and mixing it with hot milk. And does it taste good! This recipe makes about 10 servings.
Steps of Homemade Hot Chocolate Preparation
Chop the chocolate into small pieces and place in a mixing bowl.
Heat the milk over medium-low heat until it steams and is very hot to the touch.
Add the sugar and vanilla and stir until the sugar has dissolved. Shut off the heat.
Ladle out about 1 c. of the milk and pour it over the chocolate.
Let the chocolate melt slowly. Stir it with a whisk to get all the chocolate in contact with the milk.
Continue adding milk and stirring until all the milk has been incorporated.
Stir together, then ladle into serving cups.
Angelina’s Hot Chocolate
The Angelina Cafe in Paris, open since 1903, serves a thick hot chocolate version in demitasse cups with a tiny dollop of mascarpone and whipped cream. They are famous for making hot chocolate from melted chocolate bars. It is incredibly easy to prepare by mixing chocolate shavings with hot water. You can serve it in small cups or in 17th-century style chocolate pots and demitasse cups such as those sold in gourmet shops.
6 ounces fine-quality semisweet or bittersweet chocolate, chopped
1/4 cup water, room temperature
3 tablespoons hot water
3 cups hot milk, divided
Sugar to taste
Whipped cream, if desired
In a double boiler over low heat, combine chocolate and 1/4 cup water until melted, stirring occasionally; stir until smooth.
Remove top of double boiler pan from. Whisk in 3 tablespoons hot water. Pour into pitcher or divide among individual 4 mugs. Either stir 3/4 cup hot milk into each mug or serve milk in a separate pitcher. Pass sugar and whipped cream in separate bowls; add to taste.
Makes 4 servings… and eat all Hot Chocolate… because it’s so tasty
Hot Chocolate for Adults
Don’t bother chopping up chocolate, this recipe calls for easy-to-use chocolate chips. This is a pretty strong but mellow hot chocolate cocktail.
3 cups milk
1/2 cup chocolate chips
1 cup half-n-half
1/2 cup rum
1/2 cup sugar
1/2 cup hazelnut liqueur (Frangelico)
You don’t really need to chop the chocolate chips, but you can if you want the chocolate to melt really quickly. Melt chocolate in a double boiler, or whatever method you prefer.
In another saucepan heat milk, half-n-half cream and sugar to almost boiling.
Stir until sugar is dissolved. Add 1 cup of the hot milk mixture to the chocolate and mix well. Pour into the rest of the milk and stir until smooth. Pour in rum and liqueur. Heat the finished hot chocolate through, and serve.
Mayan Hot Chocolate
2 cups boiling water
1 chile pepper, cut in half, seeds removed (with gloves)
5 cups light cream or whole or nonfat milk
1 vanilla bean, split lengthwise
1 to 2 cinnamon sticks
8 ounces bittersweet chocolate or
3 tablets Mexican chocolate, cut into 1/4-inch pieces
2 tablespoons sugar or honey, or to taste
l tablespoon almonds or hazelnuts, ground extra fine
In a large saucepan over medium-high heat, add chile pepper to boiling water. Cook hot chocolate until liquid is reduced to 1 cup. Remove chile pepper; strain water and set aside.
In a medium saucepan over medium heat, combine cream or milk, vanilla bean and cinnamon stick until bubbles appear around the edge. Reduce heat to low; add chocolate and sugar or honey; whisk occasionally until chocolate is melted and sugar dissolves. Turn off heat; remove vanilla bean and cinnamon stick. Add chile-infused water, a little at a time, tasting to make sure the flavor isn’t too strong. If chocolate is too thick, thin with a little more milk.
Serve in small cups and offer ground almonds or hazelnuts and whipped cream.
Black tea promotes healthy arteries and increased blood flow due to antioxidants called falconoids, which give tea its flavor. Cholesterol levels drop as tea consumption increases. Tea is reported to reduce the risk of cancer, yield fresher breath and fewer cavities, and help build bones. It also contains approximately half the caffeine of coffee, and is a rich source of vitamins and minerals.
Making a Cup of Black Tea
The single most important thing to remember in all of this process is heat. The tea leafs impart their taste to the water most effectively when the water is actually boiling. To make really good tea you must go to every length possible to exclude coldness from the equation.
Tea in the cup is easy. If someone asks you for a cup of black tea and you put a bag in a cup and add boiling water no one is going to complain. However… to make a REALLY GOOD cup of black tea…
Boil a kettle with freshly drawn COLD water. Add a little boiling water to the empty tea cup to warm it. Put a single bag of black tea into the bottom of the cup making certain that the tea takes up as much of the visible surface area as possible.
When the water is boiling pour it into the cup by taking the kettle to the cup and trying to make certain that as much boiling water hits as much tea as soon as possible. Leave to infuse. The tea in tea bags is so fine that two minutes should see you right.
Always take out the tea bag before giving the cup to someone else especially since if you leave a tea bag in then soon enough all the air caught within it will escape and the tea bag will sink to the bottom of the cup where it will lie in wait for the unwary and then, just as you move to drain the last dregs of the drink, it will rush from the darkness like a some satanic seal desperate to invade your mouth and propigate it’s evil children in the cavities of your cheeks. Well may be it’s not that bad, but it is really unpleasant to get that big cold wet kiss of a sulking tea bag.
Don’t add sugar. Sugar is unnecessary, unhealthy and masks the delicious flavor of tea. Most importantly when making a cup of black tea is NEVER “top up” a cup with more water. “Topping up” does not make more black tea in the cup it makes the same amount of tea diluted with more water. This will kill the taste of your tea and make you generally hated by all right minded tea drinkers. Be prepared when adding the water first – realize that you will have to take the tea bag out and realize that you will probably need to leave a little room for milk.
People drink Black tea with sugar, milk and syrups. In the US and Europe people often just want a slice of Lemon with their black tea.
People all over the world always choose drinking tea with cookies, sweets or cakes sitting in front of the TV or talking to friends.
Black Tea Recipes
Iced Black Tea
Pour one cup of boiling water over two tea bags, let steep for 3 to 5 minutes. For stronger flavor, steep longer, or use more tea bags. Remove and squeeze out tea bags. Add ice and enjoy. Make a larger quantity using more tea bags and water, and refrigerate the rest to drink throughout the day.
Egg Nog Delight
6 Red Rose English Breakfast tea bags
1 can (14 oz.) sweetened condensed milk
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
1/4 teaspoon salt
1 quart milk
1/2 pint whipping cream
Brew Red Rose tea bags in 1 cup boiling water. Steep for 5 minutes. Remove tea bags. Cool tea. Add beaten eggs, condensed milk, vanilla, salt, tea, milk and mix well. Serve in mugs. Top each mug with whipping cream and ground nutmeg.
Earl Grey Punch
1 and 1/4 cups of brewed Earl Grey (made with two tbsps. leaves)
Juice of 1 lemon
1 1/4 cups of orange juice
1/2 cups apple juice
1 cup gingerale
1 tbsp. sugar
2 sprigs of mint (optional)
Dark rum to taste (optional)
Mix all ingredients together leaving out the ice cubes. Chill in refrigerator. Remove mint, add ice cubes and serve.
Migraines affect more than 36 million Americans – that’s nearly one out of every ten people! It’s also in the top twenty disabilities that cause people to miss work. The thing is, if they all knew this secret to curing and preventing these chronically severe headaches, that number would see a drastic reduction.
Fruit tea - one word describes it - DELICIOUS and HEALTHY.
Fruit tea comprised of browned shredded quince which has been oven-dried, dry-grilled until brown, and stored ready to steep in boiling water.